United Nations, USA: Italy has lobbied fiercely for a council seat, portraying itself as a crossroads country in the Mediterranean and touting its experience dealing with the refugee crisis.
“Italy is a global security actor,” said Italian Ambassador Sebastiano Cardi during a recent election debate. “We think we are ideally placed to deal with the peace and security issues on the agenda.”
Italy is also seen as a player in efforts to pull Libya out of chaos.
The Netherlands, home to the International Criminal Court and other world tribunals, has played up its commitment to international justice while Sweden has highlighted its role as a major aid donor.
Italy and the Netherlands have a “very good chance of winning” seats, said David Malone, rector of the United Nations University.
“Surely Asia, with many governments focused above all on economic and social development in often creative and highly successful ways, can do better” than Thailand and Kazakhstan, he said.
The five elected countries will begin a two-year stint on the council on January 1, taking their seats alongside the five permanent council members – Britain, France, China, Russia and the United States.
As the most powerful body of the United Nations, the Security Council can impose sanctions, endorse peace accords and authorize the use of military force.
It also oversees 16 peacekeeping missions in the world, with a budget of about $8 billion.
Winning a Security Council seat “is a great PR victory for governments to their constituents,” said Martin Edwards, who teaches UN and global governance at Seton Hall University.
The challenge is finding space to influence decisions that are mostly in the hands of the five veto-wielding members.
“They´ll have the chance to speak but some states speak more loudly than others,” said Edwards.
The other five non-permanent members are: Egypt, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay.
Courtesy : TheNews