Former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani died in hospital on Sunday after suffering a heart attack, the ISNA and Fars news agencies reported.
Rafsanjani, who was 82, served as president twice and was a pivotal figure in the foundation of the Islamic republic in 1979.
Courtesy : Dawn News
Below is Mentioned about Former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) or Hashemi Bahramani (25 August 1934-8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician and writer, who was the fourth president of Iran. He was the head of the Assembly of Experts from 2007 until 2011 when he decided not to nominate himself for the post. He was also the chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran.
During the Iran–Iraq War Rafsanjani was the de facto commander in chief of the Iranian military. Rafsanjani was elected chairman of the Iranian parliament in 1980 and served until 1989. Rafsanjani also served as president of Iran from 1989 to 1997. He played an important role in the choice of Ali Khamenei as Supreme Leader. In 2005 he ran for a third term in office, placing first in the first round of elections but ultimately losing to rival Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in the run off round of the 2005 election.
Rafsanjani has been described as a pragmatic conservative, while The Economist has described him as a “veteran kingmaker.” He supports a free market position domestically, favoring privatization of state owned industries, and a moderate position internationally, seeking to avoid conflict with the United States and the West.
In 1997 during the Mykonos trial in Germany, it was declared that Rafsanjani (then President of Iran), along with Supreme Leader Khameini, Foreign Minister Velayati, and Intelligence Minister Fallahian, was complicit in assassinations of Iranian dissident opposition activists in Europe. He is considered to be the richest person in Iran.
On 11 May 2013, Rafsanjani entered the race for the June 2013 presidential election, but on 21 May he was disqualified by the Guardian Council.
Rafsanjani passed away following a heart attack on 8 January 2017 in Tehran at the age of 82.
Courtesy : Wikipedia